For more information on other biomedical HIV prevention strategies being studied:

HIV VACCINE:

BETA Blog’s vaccine coverage
AVAC’s vaccine page

Quick background:

  • Many scientists believe the best long-term hope for controlling the AIDS epidemic is the development of safe, effective, and affordable preventative HIV vaccines.
  • No major viral epidemic has been defeated without a vaccine.
  • Currently, there is no HIV vaccine.
  • There have been many challenges and setbacks to developing an HIV vaccine; however, each new study teaches us more about how the body can fight the virus, making it possible to develop better HIV vaccine candidates.
  • HIV vaccines do not infect study participants with HIV. HIV vaccine candidates do not contain the HIV virus, so it is impossible to become infected with HIV from a study vaccine.

TREATMENT AS PREVENTION:

BETA Blog’s treatment as prevention coverage
AVAC’s treatment as prevention page
Avert’s treatment as prevention page

Quick background:

  • Treatment as prevention is an HIV prevention strategy that focuses on HIV-positive individuals using HIV meds for improving their own individual health but also reducing their risk of passing HIV to others.
  • The goal of having an HIV-positive individual taking HIV meds is to reduce their viral load (the amount of HIV in their body) to low or undetectable levels so they are less infectious.
  • This strategy is known by many terms and phrases, like “test and treat” and “Testing and linkage to care plus (TLC-plus).”
  • It is important to note that the decision about whether an HIV-positive individual begins HIV medications is based on several factors, including the individual’s preferences and readiness, and the treatment guidelines in use wherever he or she lives.

MICROBICIDES:

BETA Blog’s microbicides coverage
AVAC’s microbicides page
International Rectal Microbicides Advocates

Quick background:

  • Microbicides are topical products to help reduce the risk for HIV infection.
  • They may be used vaginally or rectally to help protect people from sexually transmitting or acquiring HIV and potentially other STIs.
  • Microbicides are currently in development and are being tested in several forms, including gels, creams, films, suppositories, and as a sponge or ring that releases the active ingredients over time.
  • Microbicides are a prevention tool, not a cure for HIV.
  • Currently, microbicides are not available to the public, but some studies have shown promising results.
  • The safety and effectiveness of microbicides must be established separately for vaginal and rectal use.

 

OTHER HELPFUL RESOURCES:

BETA Blog: betablog.org

Get your daily dose of HIV smarts from BETA Blog. It is your bright and brainy source on new developments in HIV prevention, evolving approaches to HIV treatment, and strategies for living well with the virus.

AVAC: avac.org

Learn more on emerging HIV prevention research from this renowned non-profit organization that uses education, policy analysis, advocacy, and a network of global collaborations to accelerate the ethical development and global delivery emerging HIV prevention options, like PrEP, as part of a comprehensive response to the pandemic.

Project Inform: projectinform.org/prep

Project Inform believes it is possible to create the first generation free of HIV and hepatitis C within the next decade. To achieve that dream, they focus on four areas: drug development, biomedical prevention, education, and health care access. They have developed engaging, informational videos to help explain how to access PrEP.

My Life on PrEP: frontiersla.com/mylifeonprep

My Life on PrEP is 19-part series documenting Jake Sobo’s personal experiences on PrEP. It was originally written for Positive Frontiers magazine.

"There have been many challenges and setbacks to developing an HIV vaccine; however, each new study teaches us more about how the body can fight the virus, making it possible to develop better HIV vaccine candidates"